The American West’s vast visuality - of light and space - led me to pursue the visual arts. I hold an MFA from the University of California at Los Angeles and a BFA from California College of the Arts. My practice is rooted in observation, translation and conversation, and has benefited from a wide range of methods and processes, including teaching, writing and learning. My work brought me from California to Amsterdam (2012-2016), then New York (2016-2019) and back to California. In 2017 I began working on a PhD which investigates machine vision and visual theory.

Looking at ‘looking’, seeing how ‘seeing’ is carried out by humans and non-humans and investigating the relationships between seeing and thinking (or processing) is an elemental pursuit of artists and philosophers alike.

I’m interested in translations - what are the key (or minimal) referents needed to cue a translation of two-dimensional images from a lens to three-dimensional spatial ‘recreations’ or simulations in our thoughts.

As the light and space artist of the 1960’s and 1970’s used light and space as a subject and a medium, the work I create uses light and space as a subject but painting and canvas as a medium.

Specifically, I work with the visual artifacts created by ‘being in’ and observing the built environment. How can a visual work trigger the mind to ‘search our own visual database’ for shapes, lines and colors observed previously?

My work aims to ask ‘What are the minimal cues needed to trigger an engagement of spatial memory?’ and therefore asking ‘What is our subconscious visual relationship to space?’

My studio practice is located in San Francisco, California.